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Women Health - Menstruation


Menstruation (a period) is a major stage of puberty in girls; it's one of the many physical signs that a girl is turning into a woman. Menstruation (or period)  is a woman's monthly bleeding. Women body prepares for pregnancy every month, if no pregnancy occurs, the uterus sheds its lining. The menstrual blood is partly blood and partly tissue from inside the uterus or womb. It pa1sses out of the body through the vagina. Periods usually start around age 12 and continue until menopause, at about age 51. These are considered as woman’s reproductive years and indicate a woman is physically able to become pregnant. Most periods last from three to five days.


Source: MedlinePlus - Menstruation

Menstruation Process


Average blood loss during menstruation for a women is about 35 milliliters with 10-80 milliliters, this amount of blood loss is considered normal.  Because of this blood loss, a premenopausal women have higher dietary requirements for iron to prevent iron deficiency. A lot of  women experience uterine cramps, also referred to as dysmenorrhea during their menstruation, in this time, caused largely by the contractions of the uterine muscle as it expels the endometrial blood from the woman's body. A vast industry has grown to provide drugs to aid in these cramps, as well as sanitary products to help manage menses.

Menstruation is the most visible phase of the menstrual cycle, and corresponds closely with the hormonal cycle, and is therefore used as the limit between cycles. Menstrual cycles are counted from the first day of menstrual bleeding, a point in time commonly termed last menstrual period. The time from last menstrual period until ovulation is 14.6 days, on average, but with substantial variation both between women and between cycles in any single woman, with an overall 95% prediction interval of 8.2 to 20.5 days.

During pregnancy and for some time after childbirth, menstruation is normally suspended; this state is known as amenorrhoea, i.e. absence of the menstrual cycle. If your period has not resumed, fertility is low during lactation. The average length of postpartum amenorrhoea is longer when certain breastfeeding practices are followed; this may be done intentionally as birth control.

Source : Wikipedia - Menstruation


Menstruation Experience


Menstruation Experience - Menstruation Pain


Physical Experience Of Menstruation


In many women, various intense sensations brought about by the involved hormones and by cramping of the uterus can precede or accompany menstruation. Stronger sensations may include significant menstrual pain (dysmenorrhea), abdominal pain, migraine headaches, depression, emotional sensitivity, feeling bloated, changes in sex drive and nausea. Dysmenorrhea, or severe uterine pain, is particularly common for adolescents and young women. Breast swelling and discomfort may be caused by premenstrual water retention. Binge eating occurs in a minority of menstruating women. This may be due to fluctuation in beta-endorphin levels. More severe symptoms may be classified as premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). The sensations experienced vary from woman to woman and from cycle to cycle.

Emotional Reactions Of Menstruation


Emotion Reaction Of Menstruation


Some women experience emotional disturbances associated with menstruation. These range from the irritability popularly associated with premenstrual syndrome (PMS), to tiredness, or "weepiness" (i.e. tears of emotional closeness). A similar range of emotional effects and mood swings is associated with pregnancy.

Flow Of Menstruation


The normal menstrual flow follows a "crescendo-decrescendo" pattern, it starts at a moderate level, increases somewhat and then slowly tapers. Sudden heavy flows or amounts in excess of 80 mL (hypermenorrhea or menorrhagia) may stem from hormonal disturbance, uterine abnormalities, including uterine leiomyoma or cancer, and other causes.

Duration Of Menstruation


The typical woman bleeds for two to seven days at the beginning of each menstrual cycle. Prolonged bleeding (metrorrhagia, also meno-metrorrhagia) no longer shows a clear interval pattern. Dysfunctional uterine bleeding is a hormonally caused bleeding abnormality. Dysfunctional uterine bleeding typically occurs in premenopausal women who do not ovulate normally (i.e. are anovulatory). All these bleeding abnormalities need medical attention; they may indicate hormone imbalances, uterine fibroids, or other problems. As pregnant patients may bleed, a pregnancy test forms part of the evaluation of abnormal bleeding.


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