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Women Health - Vaginal Discharges

 

Vaginal discharge is normal and varies during your menstrual cycle. Before ovulation (the release of the egg), there is a lot of mucous produced, up to 30 times more than after ovulation. It is also more watery and elastic during that phase of women menstrual cycle.  Women may meed to wear panty liners during that time.

Vaginal discharge is term given to biological fluids contained within or expelled from the vaginal. While most discharge is normal and can reflect the various stages of a menstrual cycle, some vaginal discharge can be a result of an infection, such as a sexually transmitted disease.



The things to be worried about include if the discharge has a yellow or green color, is clumpy like cottage cheese, or has a bad odor. If worried, see a doctor.

 

A women feel pain due to the abnormal vaginal discharge
Abnormal Vaginal Discharge

 

Different Types of Vaginal Discharge

 

White -  Thick, white discharge is common at the beginning and end of your menstrual cycle. White discharge is not accompanied by itching. If itching is present, thick white discharge can indicate a yeast infection.

Clear and stretchy vaginal discharge- This is "fertile" mucous and means you are ovulating.

Clear and watery discharge- This occurs at different times of your mentrual cycle and can be particularly heavy after exercising.

Yellow or Green discharge- May indicate an infection, especially if thick or clumpy like cottage cheese or has a foul odor.

Brown discharge- May happen right after periods, and is just "cleaning out" your vagina. Old blood looks brown.

Spotting Blood/Brown Discharge - This may occur when you are ovulating/mid-cycle. Sometimes early in pregnancy you may have spotting or a brownish discharge at the time your period would normally come. If you have spotting at the time of your normal period rather than your usual amount of flow, and you have had sex without using birth control, you should check a pregnancy test.

A normal vaginal discharge consists of about a teaspoon (4 milliliters) a day that is white or transparent, thick to thin, and odorless. This is formed by the normal bacteria and fluids the vaginal cells put off. The vaginal discharge can be more noticeable at different times of the month depending on ovulation, menstrual flow, sexual activity and birth control.

It is not uncommon for the normal vaginal discharge to be dark, brown or discolored a day or two following the menstrual period.

If you are having any of the symptoms below, please visit to your doctor.

  • Pain
  • Itching
  • Discomfort
  • Rash or sores alone or with a vaginal discharge

Summary Of Difference Types Of Vaginal Discharge

 

Example Features Notes
Cyclical Thick and white, odourless Occurs at the beginning and end of a cycle and is normal.
Ovulation Clear and stretchy Occurs during ovulation.
Candidiasis Thick, white, cottage cheese 'Yeast infection'. Inflamed cervix.
Trichomoniasis Copious, green, frothy .
Gonorrhoea Creamy white or yellow, odourless .
Chlamydia Purulent, malodourous .
Bacterial Vaginosis Thin, grey or green, fishy odour. .

 

White Vaginal Discharge

Thick white discharge is a health problem encountered by women. The vaginal discharge of white color is a normal condition but excessive white vaginal discharge may lead to serious health problems. Diseases such as blue waffle disease, chlamydia, endometritis, cervical cancer and ovarian cancer are the associated diseases that may have symptoms of excessive white vaginal discharge. White discharge from vagina is often accompanied by abdominal and lower back pain. Viral and bacterial infection often cause inflammation in the vaginal area and that leads in excessive white discharge. The diseases affecting the vagina also cause a lower abdominal pain, frequent urge to urinate, smelly vagina, excessive vaginal bleeding and chronic fever.

Unsafe sex, sexually transmitted disorders and infection of urinary tract also cause a smelly and thick white vaginal discharge ooze out from the vagina all the times. These disease disturb the normal menstruation cycle of the body and result in excessive or no menstruation periods. The disease, if not cured in the early stages, may result in bleeding and inflammation of the vagina.

Unhygienic conditions may result in the cancerous growth of cells and tissues. Healthy life style, maintaining hygiene of vaginal area is very important to avoid this health condition. Moreover, if the menstruation cycle gets disturbed then a doctor must be consulted at the earliest.

 

What Vaginal changes may be a sign of a problem?

 

Changes that may signal a problem include an increase in the amount of discharge, a change in the color or smell of the vaginal discharge, and irritation, itchiness or burning in or around your vagina. This is called vaginitis. A vaginal discharge that's stained with blood when you're not having your period could also be a sign of a problem. If you have any of these signs, you should talk to your doctor.

Tips on preventing vaginitis

 

  • Wear cotton underpants during the day. Cotton allows your genital area to "breathe." Don't wear underpants at night.
  • After using the toilet, always wipe from front to back. This may help prevent getting bacteria from your rectal area into your vagina.
  • Avoid wearing tight pants, pantyhose, swimming suits, biking shorts or leotards for long periods.
  • Bathe or shower daily and pat your genital area dry.
  • The latex in condoms and diaphragms and the sperm-killing gels that are used for birth control can be irritating for some women. If you think one of these things is a problem for you, talk to your doctor about other types of birth control.
  • Avoid hot tubs.
  • Change your laundry detergent or fabric softener if you think it may be irritating your genital area.
  • Avoid feminine hygiene sprays, colored or perfumed toilet paper, deodorant pads or tampons, and bubble bath.
  • Don't douche.

Reference:

  1. FamilyDoctor.com - Vaginal Discharge.
  2. Wikipedia - Vaginal Discharge.

 

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