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Vaginal Infection or Vaginitis


Vaginal health is something that should be important to every woman. Your vagina is important. Taking care of it should be one of your top priorities, especially if you want to have children or think you will want to have children in the future. Not taking the time to take proper care of your vagina can lead to vaginal infection. Vaginal infection can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease which in many cases will mean you are no longer able to conceive children.

Vaginal Infection (or Vaginitis) is an inflammation of the vagina. Vaginitis can result in vaginal discharge, itching and pain. Vaginal Infection is often associated with an irritation or infection of the vulva. It is usually due to infection.

Vaginal infections, or vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina that creates vaginal discharge, odor, irritation, or itching. Vaginal Infection is difficult to diagnose because vaginitis has many causes.


Women use a variety of over-the-counter medications to treat the itching, vaginal discharge, and discomfort of these conditions.

The three main kinds of vaginitis are bacterial vaginosis (BV), vaginal candidiasis, and trichomoniasis. A woman may have any combination of vaginal infections at one time. The symptoms that arise vary with the vaginal infection, although there are general symptoms that all vaginitis infections have and it must be noted that infected women may also be asymptomatic.

The vagina creates its own environment to maintain a balance among the normal bacteria and the hormonal changes in their body. Vaginitis occurs when the vaginal ecosystem for a women has been changed by certain medications such as hormones, contraceptive preparations (oral and topical), antibiotics, , sexual intercourse, douches, vaginal medication, sexually transmitted diseases and stress. Some vaginal infections are transmitted through sexual contact, but others such as yeast infections probably are not. Vaginitis means inflammation and is often caused by infections, or may be due to hormonal changes especially during a woman is going through menopause, or due to a trauma experinece in young girls. Vaginal infections are associated with some serious diseases. Three vaginitis are the most common. Their causes are quite different but, their signs and symptoms are similar, and treatments of the three conditions vary as following;

  1. Bacterial vaginosis
  2. Vaginal yeast infection
  3. Trichomoniasis

Some women often mistakenly think they have a "yeast infection", they think its will treat themselves when, in fact, they have a similar vaginal infection that will not respond to self-treatment with over-the-counter yeast medications. A study by the American Social Health Association found that 70% of women try to self-treat their vaginal infections before looking for a health care provider. Most often, they incorrectly thought they had a yeast infection when, in fact, it was bacterial vaginosis.


As a women, the important thing is not to guess, but to recognize the symptoms if you develop a vaginitis. If you have any concerns, see your health care practitioner for precise testing and to get the most appropriate and effective treatment right away.

Vaginal infections, although uncomfortable, are usually not life-threatening. You should see your health care provider. In addition, seek care for any of the following:

  • Foul-smelling or yellow vaginal discharge,
  • Stomach or back pain,
  • Vomiting or fevers
  • If symptoms return within two months


Symptoms Of Vaginal Infection


A woman with vaginal infection may have itching or burning, and may notice a discharge. The following symptoms may indicate the presence of vaginal infection, which should be followed up with a professional health care practitioner for diagnosis and treatment:

  • irritation and/or itching of the genital area
  • vaginal discharge
  • inflammation (irritation, redness, and swelling caused by the presence of extra immune cells) of the labia majora, labia minora, or perineal area
  • foul vaginal odor
  • pain/irritation with sexual intercourse


Causes of common vaginal infections


A lot of types of bacteria live naturally inside the vagina. A lot of factors such as stress , hormonal changes, or even using soap to clean the genital area can unbalance the acid levels in your vagina. This can cause bacteria living naturally inside the vagina to grow more than usual and cause a vaginal infection.

A foreign body, such as a forgotten tampon, can also encourage bacteria to grow and cause an infection. Rarely, it can produce a life-threatening complication known as 'toxic shock syndrome'. Vaginal infections can also be caused through unprotected sexual intercourse or skin-to-skin contact. These are known as sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

Vaginal Infections Treatment


Diagnosis is usually made based on your vaginal infection symptoms, results of urine tests and vaginal cultures (samples checked in the lab). Treatment is based on the organism causing the infection. Depending on the cause of the vaginal infection, your health care practitioner may prescribe vaginal suppositories, antifungal pills, or antibiotics (as pills or an injection). Treatment varies depending on which form of vaginitis you have, the severity of vaginal infection, duration of vaginal infection, recurrence of vaginal infection, and whether you are pregnant.

Vaginal yeast infection treatment may include a pill that you take by mouth or a vaginal treatment.

1. Vaginal treatment

Vaginal treatment for a vaginal yeast infection often includes a tablet or vaginal cream. Doctor will request you to apply the cream or tablet inside the vagina at bedtime with an applicator. There are prescription and non-prescription treatments, please consult your doctor or nurse which to use. One, three, and seven-day treatments are equally effective.

2. Oral treatment

A prescription pill called fluconazole (Diflucan®) is another option to treat yeast infections. Majority of women only need one dose, although women with more complicated infections, those with underlying medical problems, recurrent yeast infections, or severe signs and symptoms, may require a second dose after 72 hours (3 days) of the first dose.

Some side effects of fluconazole are mild and infrequent, some people will feel stomach upset, headache, and rash. Fluconazole interacts with a number of medications; consult your doctor, or pharmacist if you have any questions. Fluconazole is not usually recommended during the first trimester of pregnancy due to the potential risk of harm to the fetus. Most yeast infections go away within a few days after starting treatment. However, you may continue to feel itchy and irritated, even after the yeast infection is gone. If you do not get better within a few days after finishing treatment, call your doctor fora additional consultation.

Summary Of Vaginal Yeast Infection

Vaginal yeast infections are a common problem in women. Itching is the most common symptom of a vaginitis. Women may also note pain with urination, soreness or irritation, pain with intercourse, or reddened and swollen vulvar and vaginal tissues. There is often little or no vaginal discharge; if present, discharge is typically white and clumpy (curd-like) or thin and watery.

Symptoms of a yeast infection are similar to a number of other conditions. A physical examination is needed to determine the cause of symptoms. There are several risk factors that may increase the chances of developing a vaginitis, including use of antibiotics, birth control, diabetes, pregnancy, and a weakened immune system (due to chemotherapy, HIV, or certain medications).

To diagnose a vaginal yeast infection, a healthcare provider will do an examination. It is important to be seen when symptoms are bothersome and before any treatment is used. Do not begin treatment for a yeast infection before being examined. Treatment of vaginal yeast infection may include a vaginal cream or tablet or a pill taken by mouth.


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